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Paper Detail

Paper Title On the Importance of Asymmetry and Monotonicity Constraints in Maximal Correlation Analysis
Paper IdentifierFR4.R8.1
Authors Elad Domanovitz, Uri Erez, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Session Information Measures
Location Conseil, Level 5
Session Time Friday, 12 July, 16:40 - 18:00
Presentation Time Friday, 12 July, 16:40 - 17:00
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Abstract The maximal correlation coefficient is a well-established generalization of the Pearson correlation coefficient for measuring non-linear dependence between random variables. It is appealing from a theoretical standpoint, satisfying R\'enyi's axioms for a measure of dependence. It is also attractive from a computational point of view due to the celebrated alternating conditional expectation algorithm, allowing to compute its empirical version directly from observed data. Nevertheless, from the outset, it was recognized that the maximal correlation coefficient suffers from some fundamental deficiencies, limiting its usefulness as an indicator of estimation quality. Another well-known measure of dependence is the correlation ratio which also suffers from some drawbacks. Specifically, the maximal correlation coefficient equals one too easily whereas the correlation ratio equals zero too easily. The present work recounts some attempts that have been made in the past to alter the definition of the maximal correlation coefficient in order to overcome its weaknesses and then proceeds to suggest a natural variant of the maximal correlation coefficient as well as a modified conditional expectation algorithm to compute it. The proposed dependence measure at the same time resolves the major weakness of the correlation ratio measure and may be viewed as a bridge between these two classical measures.