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Paper Title Decentralized Massive MIMO Systems: Is There Anything to be Discussed?
Paper IdentifierTU1.R6.3
Authors Jesus Rodriguez Sanchez, Juan Vidal Alegria, Fredrik Rusek, Lund University, Sweden
Session Wireless Communications II
Location Sorbonne, Level 5
Session Time Tuesday, 09 July, 09:50 - 11:10
Presentation Time Tuesday, 09 July, 10:30 - 10:50
Manuscript  Click here to download the manuscript
Abstract Algorithms for Massive MIMO uplink detection are typically based on a centralized approach, by which baseband data from all antenna modules need to be routed to a central node for further processing. In the case of Massive MIMO, where hundreds or thousands of antennas are expected in the base-station, such architecture requires high interconnection bandwidth between antennas and the central node. Recently, decentralized architectures have been proposed to maintain low interconnection bandwidth, where channel-state-information (CSI) is obtained locally in each antenna node and not shared. Further, Massive MIMO performance is sensitive to CSI quality. However, in the literature, ideal CSI is typically assumed in decentralized systems, which is not only far from reality but also limits the generality of the analysis. This paper proposes a decentralized (a term that will be defined in the main body of the paper) architecture with the following main features: (i) the channel matrix is not made available at any single node, (ii) there is no inter-communication among antennas, (iii) the architecture used during the payload data phase, is reused to provide a certain statistic to a processing node, (iv) A non-standard channel estimation problem based on said statistic arises, (v) a matrix inversion is needed (in case of zero-forcing) at said processing node. A hefty share of the paper is devoted to (iv).